1 Citizens Research Council of Michigan, Highway Funding in Michigan, May 1992, pp. 1-6.

2 Michigan Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Planning, Response to Questions on Surface Transportation Spending, February 25, 1995.

3 Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics 1993, Table IV-9; and Michigan Department of Transportation, Michigan Transportation 1994 Facts and Figures, pp. 90-91.

4 MDOT, Response to Questions on Surface Transportation Spending.

5 Michigan Department of Transportation, Financial Planning and Budget, State Flow of Funds for Transportation, FY 1995.

6 Michigan Department of Transportation, Michigan Transportation 1994 Facts and Figures, pp. 90-91.

7 Public Sector Consultants, Inc., for the Citizens for Improved Transportation, Inc., Transportation Funding: A Key to Michigan's Economic Future, Lansing, Michigan, March 1994, p. 34.

8 County Road Association of Michigan, Funding for the Future, October 26, 1984, p. 8; Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics 1993, Table I-7; Interview with Department of Treasury personnel, April 11, 1995.

9 Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics 1993, Table IV-50.

10 Public Sector Consultants, Transportation Funding, p. 8.

11 Ibid., p. 13.

12 MDOT, 1994 Facts and Figures, p. 80.

13 Public Sector Consultants, Transportation Funding, p. 15.

14 MDOT, 1994 Facts and Figures, p. 32.

15 Public Sector Consultants, Transportation Funding, p. 8.

16 Michigan Trucking Association, A Trucking Firm in the Midwest: A Comparative Look, 1995.

17 Federal Highway Administration, Federal Highway Cost Allocation Study, 1982; and Federal Highway Administration, Heavy Vehicle Cost Responsibility, 1987.

18 American Trucking Association, Inc., Trucks Pay Their Fare Share, October 1, 1994, p. 1.

19 Michigan House of Representatives, Transportation Committee Subcommittee on Truck Weights, Lansing, Michigan, November 27, 1990, p. 3.

20 Michigan Trucking Association, Report on Michigan Truck Axle Weight Law, Lansing, Michigan, 1993, pp. 4-5.

21 The Road Information Program (TRIP) for the Michigan Road Builders Association, Funding and Needs of Michigan's System of Roads and Bridges, Washington, D.C., 1994, p. 16.

22 Michigan Department of Transportation, Build Michigan: Setting the Priorities and MDOT draft briefing papers and interviews, February 1995.

23 The Road Information Program (TRIP) for the Citizens for Improved Transportation, Michigan's County Roads and Bridges: A Needs Report, Washington, D.C., November 1994, p. 25.

24 County Road Association of Michigan, p. 26.

25 MDOT, 1994 Facts and Figures, p. 17.

26 Ibid., p. 30.

27 TRIP, Funding and Needs, p. 13.

28 TRIP, Michigan's County Roads and Bridges, p. I 1

29 TRIP, Funding and Needs, pp. 14-15.

30 Federal Highway Administration, 1993 Highway Statistics, Table V56-V57.

31 Public Sector Consultants, Transportation Funding, p. 34, using statistics from the U.S. Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations report, Significant Features of Fiscal Federalism, 1993, and data from the Federal Highway Administration, 1992 Highway Statistics.

32 Federal Highway Administration, 1993 Highway Statistics, Table IV-12.

33 Ibid., Table IV- 1 8.

34 U.S. Department of Transportation press release, "Pena Unveils Plans for Major DOT Restructuring," Washington, D.C., December 19, 1994.

35 Federal Highway Administration, 1993 Highway Statistics, Table IV-8.

36 Ibid., Table IV-8

37 Ibid., Table IV-16.

38 MDOT, 1994 Facts and Figures, p. 55.

39 Amy Lane, "On the Financial Ropes: SMART System Facing a Critical Deadline," Crain's Detroit Business, Detroit, Michigan, March 7, 1995 and Kim Trent, "Archer Rejects Tax for Transit System," The Detroit News, February 1, 1995, p. B-1.

40 MDOT briefing documents for presentation on gas tax increase plan, Lansing, Michigan, January 10, 1995.

41 Michigan Chamber of Commerce news release, Are Our Current Fuel Tax Revenues Being Wisely Spent? Lansing, Michigan, November 17, 1994.

42 Ibid.

43 Vivian S. Toy, "Potholes Grow While Money Sits Idle," The Detroit News, February 15, 1995, p. 1-A.

44 "Michigan's Prevailing Hypocrisy," The Detroit News, editorial, December 16, 1994, p. 14-A.

45 Federal Highway Administration, 1993 Highway Statistics, Table IV-44.

46 MDOT, 1994 Facts and Figures, p. 41.

47 Margarita Bauza, "New Bridge Project Set," Lansing State Journal, March 22, 1995, p. B-1.

48 White House Office of Management and Budget Executive Order # 12898, "Federal Actions to Address Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and Low Income Populations," and Draft DOT Order, "DOT Actions to Address Environmental Justice in Minority and Low Income Populations," Washington, D.C., December 21, 1994.

49 Federal Highway Administration, "Phase 1 Congestion Management System Requirements for SOV Capacity Projects in Ozone Non-Attainment Areas," Undated Draft.

50 Michigan Department of Transportation, "Resource Paper on Unfunded Mandates," February 1, 1995.

51 Federal Highway Administration, 1993 Highway Statistics, Table IV-75.