1. Incarceration refers to the fact that if criminals are in prison, they are unable to commit other crimes. The theory of deterrence holds that would-be criminals will not commit crimes if they know that punishment awaits, while rehabilitation involves changing the thought patterns of prisoners so that they will not commit further crimes once released.

  2. Telephone interview of Leo Lalonde, director, public information office, Michigan Department of Corrections (MDOC), by Mackinac Center for Public Director of Fiscal Policy Michael LaFaive, Feb. 28, 2003.

  3. The U.S. Census Bureau estimated Michigan’s population in 2001 at 9,990,817. The number of institutions and offenders comes from the (MDOC) "2001 Annual Report," p. 61-62, which is accessible on the Internet at http://www.michigan.gov/corrections/1,1607,7-119-1441_1523---,00.html. Population estimates are accessible on the Internet at http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/26000.html.

  4. MDOC Annual Report 2001, p. 18.

  5. Much of the material in this section is derived from Morgan O. Reynolds, "Privatizing Probation and Parole," National Center for Policy Analysis Policy Study 233, June 2000, accessible on the Internet at http://www.ncpa.org/studies/s233/s233.html.

  6. Reinventing Probation Council, "Transforming Probation Through Leadership: The ‘Broken Windows’ Model," Center for Civic Innovation at The Manhattan Institute and the Robert A. Fox Leadership Program at the University of Pennsylvania, July 2000, p. 3, accessible on the Internet at http://www.manhattaninstitute.org/html/broken_windows.htm.

  7. Marilyn Peterson and Tumai Burris, "Line Item and Boilerplate Summary: Corrections Fiscal Year 2001-2002," p. 7.

  8. MDOC web site, "Education: The Highest Priority," accessible on the Internet at http://www.michigan.gov/corrections/0,1607,7-119-9741_9747---,00.html.

  9. Segal and Moore, Part II, Tables 2a, 2b, and 2c, p. 3.

  10. Alexander Volokh, "A Tale of Two Systems: Cost, Quality, and Accountability in Private Prisons," Harvard Law Review, May, 2002, Vol. 115, No. 7, p. 1868.

  11. Ibid.

  12. Segal and Moore, "Weighing the Watchman: Evaluating the Costs and Benefits of Outsourcing Correctional Services, Part I, Employing a Best-Value Approach to Procurement," p. 3.

  13. American Corrections Association, "Facts About the Accreditation Process," p. 7. This document is not dated.

  14. Segal and Moore, Part I, p. 12.

  15. Volokh, from the section entitled, "Evidence from the Studies," p. 1877.

  16. Segal and Moore, Part I, p. 4.

  17. Office of Program Policy Analysis and Government Accountability, Florida Legislature, "Review of Bay Correctional Facility and Moore Haven Correctional Facility," Report No. 97-68, April, 1998.

  18. U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics Year-End 2001 Report, "Prisoners in 2001," p. 8.

  19. National Conference of State Legislatures web site, "Tennessee Considers, Retreats from Large-Scale Prison Privatization," ," May, 1998. Accessible on the Internet at http://www.ncsl.org/programs/cj/cjl40598.htm.